Kyle Ecker

Name: Sulphur
Symbol: S
Atomic Number: 16
Atomic Mass: 32.065
Standard State: Solid at 296 K
Group name: Chalcogen
Period in Periodic Table: 3
Color: Lemon Yellow
Classification: Non-metallic

Essential Data:
Sulphur is found in meteorites, valcanoes, hot springs, and galena, gypsum, Epsom salts, and barite. It is recovered from "salt domes" along the Golf Coast of the U.S.A.

Uses:
Most of the sulphur is used to produce sulphuric acid, H2SO4, the most important manufactured chemical in the world.
Sulphur is a component of black gunpowder (this is a mixture of potassium nitrate, KNO3, carbon, and sulphur). It is used in the vulcanisation of natural rubber, as a fungicide, and as a fumigant. Sulphur compounds are used for bleaching dried fruits and for paper products.

History:
Assyrian texts dated back to 700-600 BC. It is referred as the product of the riverside where deposits can be found. During the 9th century, Homer mentioned "pestaverting Sulphur." During 424 BC, the tribe of Bootier destroyed a cities walls using burning coal, Sulphur, and tar.

Picture of Sulphur:


external image sulphur.jpg